Xamarin.IOS Binding Swift Libraries

From WikiOD

An easy to follow guide that will lead you through the process of binding Swift .framework files for use in a Xamarin project.

Remarks[edit | edit source]

  1. When building a library in Xcode it has an option to include the swift libraries. Don’t! They will be included in your final app as NAME.app/Frameworks/LIBRARY.framework/Frameworks/libswift*.dylib but they must be included as NAME.app/Frameworks/libswift*.dylib
  2. You can find this information elsewhere, but it’s worth mention: Don’t include Bitcode in the library. As of right now Xamarin don’t include Bitcode for iOS and Apple requires all libraries to support the same architectures.

Binding a Swift Library in Xamarin.iOS[edit | edit source]

Binding a Swift Library in Xamarin.iOS follows the same process for Objective-C as shown in https://developer.xamarin.com/guides/ios/advanced_topics/binding_objective-c/, but with some caveats.

  1. A swift class must inherit from NSObject to be binded.
  2. Swift compiler will translate class and protocol names into something else unless you use the @objc annotation (e.g. @objc(MyClass)) in your swift classes to specify the explicit objective c name.
  3. In runtime your APP must include some swift core libraries alongside your binded framework in a folder called Frameworks;
  4. When the App is pushed to AppStore it must include a SwiftSupport folder alongside your Payload folder. Those are inside the IPA file.

Here you can find a simple sample binding: https://github.com/Flash3001/Xamarin.BindingSwiftLibrarySample

And a full binding sample: https://github.com/Flash3001/iOSCharts.Xamarin

Please find steps below:

1.1 Prepare the Swift classes you want to export[edit | edit source]

For any Swift class you want to use you either have to inherit from NSObject and make the Objective-C name explicit using the objc annotation. Otherwise the Swift compiler will generate different names. Below is an example code of how a Swift class could look like. Note that it doesn't matter which class it inherits as long as the root class inherits from NSObject.

//Add this to specify explicit objective c name
@objc(MyClass)
open class MyClass: NSObject {
    open func getValue() -> String
    {
        return "Value came from MyClass.swift!";
    }
}

1.2 Build the framework[edit | edit source]

Disable Bitcode. *

Disable Bitcode

Build for release for Device and Simulator. * Set it as Release in Xcode Schemes Build for Device

Build for Simulator

Find frameworks

Frameworks

  • Not related only to Swift binding.

2. Create a fat library[edit | edit source]

A framework contains several files, the one that needs to eat a little is NAME.framework/NAME (without extension).

  • Copy Release-iphoneos/NAME.framework to NAME.framework
  • Create the FAT library using:
    • lipo -create Release-iphonesimulator/NAME.framework/NAME Release-iphoneos/NAME.framework/NAME -output NAME.framework/NAME
  • Copy the files in Release-iphonesimulator/NAME.framework/Modules/NAME.swiftmodule to NAME.framework/Modules/NAME.swiftmodule (until now it only contained files from the iphoneos)

Create fat library

Copy pending files

Files copied

3. Import the library[edit | edit source]

I’llll assume you already created the Binding project in File -> New -> iOS -> Binding Library.

Xamarin support importing .frameworks. Just right click ‘Native References’ and click in ‘Add native reference’. Find the newly created fat framework and add it.

Add Native Reference

Select .framework

Reference

4. Create the ApiDefinition based on LIBRARY-Swift.h file inside headers.[edit | edit source]

You can do it manually, but it won’t be nice. You can use Objetive Sharpie. The tool Xamarin uses to bind its own libraries.

How to use it on https://developer.xamarin.com/guides/cross-platform/macios/binding/objective-sharpie/

The basic command will be something like: sharpie bind -sdk iphoneos9.3 NAME-Swift.h

If you get a System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException it is probably because you have a different SDK version installed. Run the following command to check with iPhone OS SDK you have installed:

sharpie xcode -sdks

The file NAME-Swift.h is located in NAME.framework/Headers/NAME-Swift.h

Note: The swift classes must inherit from "NSObject", otherwise NAME-Swift.h won't import your classes and Objetive Sharpie will convert nothing.

Sharpie

Replace the contents of your binding project ApiDefinition.cs with the newly created one. Replace file contents

5. Change all [Protocol] and [BaseType] to include the class’ name in Objective-C runtime.[edit | edit source]

In case the original Swift class or protocol doesn't include the @objc(MyClass) annotation as specified in step 1.1 they will have its internal Objective-C names changed, so you need to map it to the right one.

All names are available in the file NAME-Swift.h in the following format:

SWIFT_CLASS("_TtC11SwiftSample7MyClass")
@interface MyClass : NSObject

And

SWIFT_PROTOCOL("_TtP6Charts17ChartDataProvider_")
@protocol ChartDataProvider

To set the name you use BaseTypeAttribute.Name https://developer.xamarin.com/guides/cross-platform/macios/binding/binding-types-reference/#BaseType.Name property for classes and ProcotolAttribute.Name https://developer.xamarin.com/api/property/MonoTouch.Foundation.ProtocolAttribute.Name/ for protocols.

[BaseType(typeof(NSObject), Name = "_TtC11SwiftSample7MyClass")]
interface MyClass

Doing it manually is not cool. You can use this tool https://github.com/Flash3001/SwiftClassify to insert all the names. (It’s work in progress. But it’s quite simple, just by looking at the code you will get how it works).

6.1 Include all Swift dependencies to run.[edit | edit source]

If you try to consume the library in an App and try to run it right now it will crash. The error is due to the lack of libswiftCore.dylib

Something like this:

Dyld Error Message:
  Library not loaded: @rpath/libswiftCore.dylib
  Referenced from: /Users/USER/Library/Developer/CoreSimulator/Devices/AC440891-C819-4050-8CAB-CE15AB4B3830/data/Containers/Bundle/Application/27D2EC87-5042-4FA7-9B80-A24A8971FB48/SampleUsing.app/Frameworks/SwiftSample.framework/SwiftSample
  Reason: image not found

Xamarin.iOS doesn’t give official support for binding a Swift library. So you must manually include the swift core libraries in the Frameworks and SwiftSupport folders. The files for the Frameworks folder are different for Simulator and Device. They can be found in /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer//XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/lib/swift.Toolchains

Instead of manually copying the files inside the Framework folder you can use this library https://github.com/Flash3001/Xamarin.Swift3.Support . It includes every single dependency Swift 3.1 needs, each one in a single NuGet package.

Add NuGet Package

As you can see, the Nuget Package is included in the consumer App, not in the binding itself. If you try to include it in the binding you will get compile errors.

If you are building a Nuget Package you can instruct Nuget to include it as a dependency.

App Running

6.2. Finding out which Swift dependencies to include.[edit | edit source]

An important thing to do is to figure out each package you need to include in your project. A simple binding will usually need:

     libswiftCore.dylib
     libswiftCoreGraphics.dylib
     libswiftCoreImage.dylib
     libswiftDarwin.dylib
     libswiftDispatch.dylib
     libswiftFoundation.dylib
     libswiftObjectiveC.dylib
     libswiftQuartzCore.dylib
     libswiftUIKit.dylib

To list each dependency you can run the following command inside your LibraryName.framework

otool -l -arch armv7 LibraryName | grep libswift

List dependencies

Do not include every package available in NuGet for Swift3 as they might grow your app size.

7. Include SwiftSupport to push App to AppStore.[edit | edit source]

Apple requires your App to be sent with a SwiftSupport folder alongside your Payload folder. Both are inside your IPA package.

You can use this script https://github.com/bq/ipa-packager to do this work for you.

This process is the only one the library consumer will have to do manually. Every time he/she tries to push the App to AppStore.

Archive for Publishing

Click 'Sign and Distribute' and Save to Disk Sign and Distribute

Unzip your .IPA Unzip

Create the new IPA using the script before mentioned New API

If you Unzip the file know, it will contain the SwiftSupport folder. Binding_Swift_Libraries

Remarks[edit | edit source]

When building a library in Xcode it has an option to include the swift libraries. Don’t! They will be included in your final app as NAME.app/Frameworks/LIBRARY.framework/Frameworks/libswift*.dylib but they must be included as NAME.app/Frameworks/libswift*.dylib

You can find this information elsewhere, but it’s worth mention: Don’t include Bitcode in the library. As of right now Xamarin don’t include Bitcode for iOS and Apple requires all libraries to support the same architectures.

Disclaimer[edit | edit source]

This guide is originally created by Lucas Teixeira. All credits belong to him. Thank you, Lucas.

Credit:Stack_Overflow_Documentation