Swift Dictionaries

From WikiOD

Remarks[edit | edit source]

Some examples in this topic might have a different order when used because dictionary order is not guaranteed.

Declaring Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Dictionaries are an unordered collection of keys and values. Values relate to unique keys and must be of the same type.

When initializing a Dictionary the full syntax is as follows:

var books : Dictionary<Int, String> = Dictionary<Int, String>()

Although a more concise way of initializing:

var books = [Int: String]()
// or
var books: [Int: String] = [:]

Declare a dictionary with keys and values by specifying them in a comma separated list. The types can be inferred from the types of keys and values.

var books: [Int: String] = [1: "Book 1", 2: "Book 2"]
//books = [2: "Book 2", 1: "Book 1"] 
var otherBooks = [3: "Book 3", 4: "Book 4"]
//otherBooks = [3: "Book 3", 4: "Book 4"]

Accessing Values[edit | edit source]

A value in a Dictionary can be accessed using its key:

var books: [Int: String] = [1: "Book 1", 2: "Book 2"]
let bookName = books[1]
//bookName = "Book 1"

The values of a dictionary can be iterated through using the values property:

for book in books.values {
    print("Book Title: \(book)")
//output: Book Title: Book 2
//output: Book Title: Book 1

Similarly, the keys of a dictionary can be iterated through using its keys property:

for bookNumbers in books.keys {
    print("Book number: \(bookNumber)")
// outputs:
// Book number: 1
// Book number: 2

To get all key and value pair corresponding to each other (you will not get in proper order since it is a Dictionary)

for (book,bookNumbers)in books{
print("\(book)  \(bookNumbers)")
// outputs:
// 2  Book 2
// 1  Book 1

Note that a Dictionary, unlike an Array, in inherently unordered-that is, there is no guarantee on the order during iteration.

If you want to access multiple levels of a Dictionary use a repeated subscript syntax.

// Create a multilevel dictionary.
var myDictionary: [String:[Int:String]]! = ["Toys":[1:"Car",2:"Truck"],"Interests":[1:"Science",2:"Math"]]

print(myDictionary["Toys"][2]) // Outputs "Truck"
print(myDictionary["Interests"][1]) // Outputs "Science"

Change Value of Dictionary using Key[edit | edit source]

var dict = ["name": "John", "surname": "Doe"]
// Set the element with key: 'name' to 'Jane'
dict["name"] = "Jane"

Modifying Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Add a key and value to a Dictionary

var books = [Int: String]()
//books = [:]
books[5] = "Book 5"
//books = [5: "Book 5"]
books.updateValue("Book 6", forKey: 5)
//[5: "Book 6"]

updateValue returns the original value if one exists or nil.

let previousValue = books.updateValue("Book 7", forKey: 5)
//books = [5: "Book 7"]
//previousValue = "Book 6"

Remove value and their keys with similar syntax

books[5] = nil
//books [:]
books[6] = "Deleting from Dictionaries"
//books = [6: "Deleting from Dictionaries"]
let removedBook = books.removeValueForKey(6)
//books = [:]
//removedValue = "Deleting from Dictionaries"

Get all keys in Dictionary[edit | edit source]

let myAllKeys = ["name" : "Kirit" , "surname" : "Modi"]
let allKeys = Array(myAllKeys.keys)

Merge two dictionaries[edit | edit source]

extension Dictionary {
    func merge(dict: Dictionary<Key,Value>) -> Dictionary<Key,Value> {
        var mutableCopy = self
        for (key, value) in dict {
            // If both dictionaries have a value for same key, the value of the other dictionary is used.
            mutableCopy[key] = value
        return mutableCopy

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