Remarks[edit | edit source]
Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform written in PHP; a highly customizable e-commerce platform and content management system that can be used to build online stores for selling merchandise.
It provides common e-commerce features, such as shopping carts and inventory management, and encourages extensive customization to meet organizationâs specific goals.
Magento is also an object-oriented PHP Framework that can be used to develop modern, dynamic web applications that tap into Magento's eCommerce features.
The major characteristics of Magento platform are:
Versions[edit | edit source]
Community Edition[edit | edit source]
Enterprise Edition[edit | edit source]
Installation and Setup[edit | edit source]
Prerequisites and Requirements for Magento Community Edition 1.9[edit | edit source]
- Apache 2.x ( with mod_rewrite ) or Nginx 1.7.x
- Due to the demands of processing Magento operations, it is recommended that you install Magento on a server with at least 2 GB of RAM. This will ensure that all of the software involved in managing the store will have enough memory to work.
- Ability to run scheduled jobs (crontab) with PHP 5.
- Ability to override options in .htaccess files.
- PHP 5.4, PHP 5.5
- Required extensions: PDO_MySQL, simplexml, mcrypt, hash, GD, DOM, iconv, curl, SOAP (for Webservices API)
- memory_limit no less than 256 MB (512 MB recommended)
- MySQL 5.6 (Oracle, Percona, MariaDB)
- A valid security certificate is required for HTTPS.
- Self-signed SSL certificates are not supported
Installation:[edit | edit source]
Download and Set Up Magento Files
We are using openMage mirror as direct download for 18.104.22.168 branch is disabled and magento website require account. But you are encouraged to download copy from https://www.magentocommerce.com/download
cd /var/www/html wget https://github.com/OpenMage/magento-mirror/archive/magento-1.9.zip unzip magento-1.9.zip rm magento-1.9.zip rsync -avP magento-mirror-magento-1.9/. . rm magento-mirror-magento-1.9 -r sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ chmod -R 0777 media var
Create a MySQL Database and User
access mysql console
mysql -u root -p
in mysql console
CREATE DATABASE magento; CREATE USER magento_db_user@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magento.* TO magento_db_user@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Complete the installation through the web interface
To access the web interface with your browser, navigate to your server's domain name or public IP address:
Then follow on screen instructions
Troubleshooting Common Problems[edit | edit source]
Only the homepage works, all other pages return 404
mod_rewrite module has been installed in Apache and been enabled to load. See step 2 for info on how to do this here: https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-set-up-mod_rewrite-for-apache-on-ubuntu-14-04
Make sure the you allow changes in the .htaccess by enabling it in your site conf. See step 3: https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-set-up-mod_rewrite-for-apache-on-ubuntu-14-04
.htaccess file may be mis-configured or missing: head over to Magento's download page: https://www.magentocommerce.com/download - download the relevant version and extract the .htaccess file to be placed in your Magento installation root.
Site works but not styles or scripts are loading
Make sure you have set the relevant permissions and ownership: See here for more info - http://devdocs.magento.com/guides/m1x/install/installer-privileges_before.html
Common solution: Try reindexing and flushing cache manually (in case the admin is too hard to navigate). Reindex via the command line: https://www.atwix.com/magento/process-magento-indexes-from-command-line/ Flush cache (via admin or command line): https://www.properhost.com/support/kb/23/How-To-Clear-The-Magento-Cache