HTML Media Elements

From WikiOD

Parameters[edit | edit source]

Attribute Details
width Sets the element's width in pixels.
height Sets the element's height in pixels.
<source> Defines resources of the audio or video files
track Defines the text track for media elements
controls Displays controls
autoplay Automatically start playing the media
loop Plays the media in a repeated cycle
muted Plays the media without sound
poster Assigns an image to display until a video is loaded

Remarks[edit | edit source]

Support in browsers[edit | edit source]

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 3.0 3.5 (1.9.1) 9.0 10.50 3.1
<audio>: PCM in WAVE (Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1) No support 10.50 3.1
<audio>: Vorbis in WebM (Yes) 4.0 (2.0) No support 10.60 3.1
<audio>: Streaming Vorbis/Opus in WebM via MSE ? 36.0 ? ? ?
<audio>: Vorbis in Ogg (Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1) No support 10.50 No support
<audio>: MP3 (Yes) (Yes) 9.0 (Yes) 3.1
<audio>: MP3 in MP4 ? ? ? ? (Yes)
<audio>: AAC in MP4 (Yes) (Yes) 9.0 (Yes) 3.1
<audio>: Opus in Ogg 27.0 15.0 (15.0) ? ? ?
<video>: VP8 and Vorbis in WebM 6.0 4.0 (2.0) 9.0 10.60 3.1
<video>: VP9 and Opus in WebM 29.0 28.0 (28.0) ? (Yes) ?
<video>: Streaming WebM via MSE ? 42.0 (42.0) ? ? ?
<video>: Theora and Vorbis in Ogg (Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1) No support 10.50 No support
<video>: H.264 and MP3 in MP4 (Yes) (Yes) 9.0 (Yes) (Yes)
<video>: H.264 and AAC in MP4 (Yes) (Yes) 9.0 (Yes) 3.1
any other format No support No support No support No support 3.1

=== Using `

` and `

` element to display audio/video content ===

Use the HTML or <audio> element to embed video/audio content in a document. The video/audio element contains one or more video/audio sources. To specify a source, use either the src attribute or the <source> element; the browser will choose the most suitable one.

Audio tag example:

<!** Simple video example -->
<video src="videofile.webm" autoplay poster="posterimage.jpg">
  Sorry, your browser doesn't support embedded videos, 
  but don't worry, you can <a href="videofile.webm">download it</a>
  and watch it with your favorite video player!

<!** Video with subtitles -->
<video src="foo.webm">
  <track kind="subtitles" src="foo.en.vtt" srclang="en" label="English">
  <track kind="subtitles" src="" srclang="sv" label="Svenska">
<!** Simple video example -->
<video width="480" controls poster="" >
  <source src="" type="video/webm">
  <source src="" type="video/mp4">
  <source src="" type="video/ogg">
  Your browser doesn't support HTML5 video tag.

Audio tag example:

<!** Simple audio playback -->
<audio src="" autoplay>
  Your browser does not support the <code>audio</code> element.

<!** Audio playback with captions -->
<audio src="foo.ogg">
  <track kind="captions" src="foo.en.vtt" srclang="en" label="English">
  <track kind="captions" src="" srclang="sv" label="Svenska">

Audio[edit | edit source]

HTML5 provides a new standard for embedding an audio file on a web page.

You can embed an audio file to a page using the <audio> element:

<audio controls>
  <source src="file.mp3" type="audio/mpeg">
Your browser does not support the audio element.

Video[edit | edit source]

You can embed also a video to a webpage using the <video> element:

<video width="500" height="700" controls>
  <source src="video.mp4" type="video/mp4">
Your browser does not support the video tag.

Video header or background[edit | edit source]

Adding a video that will autoplay on a loop and has no controls or sound. Perfect for a video header or background.

<video width="1280" height="720" autoplay muted loop poster="video.jpg" id="videobg">
  <source src="video.mp4" type="video/mp4">
  <source src="video.webm" type="video/webm">
  <source src="video.ogg" type="video/ogg">

This CSS provides a fallback if the video cannot be loaded. Note that is it recomended to use the first frame of the video as the poster video.jpg.

#videobg {
  background: url(video.jpg) no-repeat;
  background-size: cover;