F Sharp Reflection
Robust reflection using F# quotations[edit | edit source]
Reflection is useful but fragile. Consider this:
let mi = typeof<System.String>.GetMethod "StartsWith"
The problems with this kind of code are:
- The code doesn't work because there are several overloads of
- Even if there wouldn't be any overloads right now later versions of the library might add an overload causing a runtime crash
- Refactoring tools like
Rename methodsis broken with reflection.
This means we get a runtime crashes for something that is known compile-time. That seems suboptimal.
F# quotations it's possible to avoid all the problems above. We define some helper functions:
open FSharp.Quotations open System.Reflection let getConstructorInfo (e : Expr<'T>) : ConstructorInfo = match e with | Patterns.NewObject (ci, _) -> ci | _ -> failwithf "Expression has the wrong shape, expected NewObject (_, _) instead got: %A" e let getMethodInfo (e : Expr<'T>) : MethodInfo = match e with | Patterns.Call (_, mi, _) -> mi | _ -> failwithf "Expression has the wrong shape, expected Call (_, _, _) instead got: %A" e
We use the functions like this:
printfn "%A" <| getMethodInfo <@ "".StartsWith "" @> printfn "%A" <| getMethodInfo <@ List.singleton 1 @> printfn "%A" <| getConstructorInfo <@ System.String [||] @>
Boolean StartsWith(System.String) Void .ctor(Char) Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.FSharpList`1[System.Int32] Singleton[Int32](Int32)
<@ ... @> means that instead of executing the expression inside
F# generates an expression tree representing the expression.
<@ "".StartsWith "" @> generates an expression tree that looks like this:
Call (Some (Value ("")), StartsWith, [Value ("")]). This expression tree matches what
getMethodInfo expects and it will return the correct method info.
This resolves all the problems listed above.