# C++ Arithmitic Metaprogramming

These are example of using C++ template metaprogramming in processing arithmitic operations in compile time.

### Calculating power in O(log n)

This example shows an efficient way of calculating power using template metaprogramming.

```template <int base, unsigned int exponent>
struct power
{
static const int halfvalue = power<base, exponent / 2>::value;
static const int value = halfvalue * halfvalue * power<base, exponent % 2>::value;
};

template <int base>
struct power<base, 0>
{
static const int value = 1;
static_assert(base != 0, "power<0, 0> is not allowed");
};

template <int base>
struct power<base, 1>
{
static const int value = base;
};
```

Example Usage:

```std::cout << power<2, 9>::value;
```

C++14

This one also handles negative exponents:

```template <int base, int exponent>
struct powerDouble
{
static const int exponentAbs = exponent < 0 ? (-exponent) : exponent;
static const int halfvalue = powerDouble<base, exponentAbs / 2>::intermediateValue;
static const int intermediateValue = halfvalue * halfvalue * powerDouble<base, exponentAbs % 2>::intermediateValue;

constexpr static double value = exponent < 0 ? (1.0 / intermediateValue) : intermediateValue;

};

template <int base>
struct powerDouble<base, 0>
{
static const int intermediateValue = 1;
constexpr static double value = 1;
static_assert(base != 0, "powerDouble<0, 0> is not allowed");
};

template <int base>
struct powerDouble<base, 1>
{
static const int intermediateValue = base;
constexpr static double value = base;
};

int main()
{
std::cout << powerDouble<2,-3>::value;
}
```