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Android Activity Recognition

From WikiOD

Activity recognition is the detection of a user's physical activity in order to perform certain actions on the device, such as taking points when a drive is detected, turn wifi off when a phone is still, or putting the ring volume to max when the user is walking.

Google Play ActivityRecognitionAPI[edit | edit source]

This is a just a simple example of how to use GooglePlay Service's ActivityRecognitionApi. Although this is a great library, it does not work on devices that do not have Google Play Services installed.

Docs for ActivityRecognition API

Manifest

<!** This is needed to use Activity Recognition! -->
<uses*permission android:name="com.google.android.gms.permission.ACTIVITY_RECOGNITION" />

<application
    android:allowBackup="true"
    android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
    android:label="@string/app_name"
    android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
    android:supportsRtl="true"
    android:theme="@style/AppTheme">

    <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>

    <receiver android:name=".ActivityReceiver" />
</application>

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener {

    private GoogleApiClient apiClient;
    private LocalBroadcastManager localBroadcastManager;
    private BroadcastReceiver localActivityReceiver;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        apiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addApi(ActivityRecognition.API)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .build();

        //This just gets the activity intent from the ActivityReceiver class
        localBroadcastManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this);
        localActivityReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
            @Override
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                ActivityRecognitionResult recognitionResult = ActivityRecognitionResult.extractResult(intent);
                TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.activityText);

                //This is just to get the activity name. Use at your own risk.
                textView.setText(DetectedActivity.zzkf(recognitionResult.getMostProbableActivity().getType()));
            }
        };
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();

        //Register local broadcast receiver
        localBroadcastManager.registerReceiver(localActivityReceiver, new IntentFilter("activity"));

        //Connect google api client
        apiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        //Unregister for activity recognition
        ActivityRecognition.ActivityRecognitionApi.removeActivityUpdates(apiClient, PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, new Intent(this, ActivityReceiver.class), PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT));

        //Disconnects api client
        apiClient.disconnect();

        //Unregister local receiver
        localBroadcastManager.unregisterReceiver(localActivityReceiver);
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(@Nullable Bundle bundle) {
        //Only register for activity recognition if google api client has connected
        ActivityRecognition.ActivityRecognitionApi.requestActivityUpdates(apiClient, 0, PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, new Intent(this, ActivityReceiver.class), PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT));
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(@NonNull ConnectionResult connectionResult) {

    }
}

ActivityReceiver

public class ActivityReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {

    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(context).sendBroadcast(intent.setAction("activity"));
    }
}

PathSense Activity Recognition[edit | edit source]

PathSense activity recognition is another good library for devices which don't have Google Play Services, as they have built their own activity recognition model, but requires developers register at http://developer.pathsense.com to get an API key and Client ID.

Manifest

<application
    android:allowBackup="true"
    android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
    android:label="@string/app_name"
    android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
    android:supportsRtl="true"
    android:theme="@style/AppTheme">

    <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>

    <receiver android:name=".ActivityReceiver" />

    <!-- You need to acquire these from their website (http://developer.pathsense.com) -->
    <meta-data
        android:name="com.pathsense.android.sdk.CLIENT_ID"
        android:value="YOUR_CLIENT_ID" />
    <meta-data
        android:name="com.pathsense.android.sdk.API_KEY"
        android:value="YOUR_API_KEY" />
</application>

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private PathsenseLocationProviderApi pathsenseLocationProviderApi;
    private LocalBroadcastManager localBroadcastManager;
    private BroadcastReceiver localActivityReceiver;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        pathsenseLocationProviderApi = PathsenseLocationProviderApi.getInstance(this);

        //This just gets the activity intent from the ActivityReceiver class
        localBroadcastManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this);
        localActivityReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
            @Override
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                //The detectedActivities object is passed as a serializable
                PathsenseDetectedActivities detectedActivities = (PathsenseDetectedActivities) intent.getSerializableExtra("ps");
                TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.activityText);
                textView.setText(detectedActivities.getMostProbableActivity().getDetectedActivity().name());
            }
        };
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();

        //Register local broadcast receiver
        localBroadcastManager.registerReceiver(localActivityReceiver, new IntentFilter("activity"));

        //This gives an update everytime it receives one, even if it was the same as the last update
        pathsenseLocationProviderApi.requestActivityUpdates(ActivityReceiver.class);

//        This gives updates only when it changes (ON_FOOT -> IN_VEHICLE for example)
//        pathsenseLocationProviderApi.requestActivityChanges(ActivityReceiver.class);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        pathsenseLocationProviderApi.removeActivityUpdates();

//        pathsenseLocationProviderApi.removeActivityChanges();

        //Unregister local receiver
        localBroadcastManager.unregisterReceiver(localActivityReceiver);
    }
}

ActivityReceiver.java

// You don't have to use their broadcastreceiver, but it's best to do so, and just pass the result
// as needed to another class.
public class ActivityReceiver extends PathsenseActivityRecognitionReceiver {

    @Override
    protected void onDetectedActivities(Context context, PathsenseDetectedActivities pathsenseDetectedActivities) {
        Intent intent = new Intent("activity").putExtra("ps", pathsenseDetectedActivities);
        LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(context).sendBroadcast(intent);
    }
}

Credit:Stack_Overflow_Documentation