Getting started with ruby-on-rails-3
Installating Rails on mac.
You would need to install
rubybefore you can install rails.
Mac already comes with
ruby installed based on how recent your
macOS is? Depending on what
ruby version you want for your development, the best way to install
Ruby is to use RVM. In your terminal, type the command below listed in steps:
curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby
Rails 3, best version to install is
rvm install 1.9.3 ruby -v #=> 1.9.3
rvm use 1.9.3 --default
Install Rails (this rails version requires ruby-version >=1.9.3)
gem install rails -v 184.108.40.206 rails -v #=> 220.127.116.11
rails new my_first_app #(this will install the app for you.) cd my_first_app rails s #(run the server)
Open the browser and type below in your
Message saying ‘Welcome to rails’ will be displayed or similar.
Hello World in Rails
Say “Hello”, Rails
To get Rails saying “Hello”, you need to create at minimum a controller and a view.
A controller’s purpose is to receive specific requests for the application. Routing decides which controller receives which requests. Often, there is more than one route to each controller, and different routes can be served by different actions. Each action’s purpose is to collect information to provide it to a view.
A view’s purpose is to display this information in a human readable format. An important distinction to make is that it is the controller, not the view, where information is collected. The view should just display that information. By default, view templates are written in a language called eRuby (Embedded Ruby) which is processed by the request cycle in Rails before being sent to the user.
To create a new controller, you will need to run the “controller” generator and tell it you want a controller called “Welcome” with an action called “index”, just like this:
$ bin/rails generate controller Welcome index
Rails will create several files and a route for you.
Most important of these are of course the controller, located at
app/controllers/welcome_controller.rband the view, located at
app/views/welcome/index.html.erbfile in your text editor. Delete all of the existing code in the file, and replace it with the following single line of code:
Now that we have made the controller and view, we need to tell Rails when we want “Hello, Rails!” to show up. In our case, we want it to show up when we navigate to the root URL of our site,
Next, you have to tell Rails where your actual home page is located.Edit the file by adding the line of code root ‘welcome#index’. It should look something like the following:
Rails.application.routes.draw do get 'welcome/index' root 'welcome#index' end
welcome#indextells Rails to map requests to the root of the application to the welcome controller’s index action and get
welcome/indextells Rails to map requests to
welcome controller's index action. This was created earlier when you ran the controller generator (bin/rails generate controller Welcome index).
Yay, now the moment of truth. Launch web server after restarting your
rails serverand navigate to
http://localhost:3000in your browser. You’ll see the “Hello, Rails!” message you put into
app/views/welcome/index.html.erb, indicating that this new route is indeed going to WelcomeController’s index action and is rendering the view correctly.
This Guide is from guides.rubyonrails.org. Happy Hacking!