tee - read from standard input and write to standard output and files.
The tee command is named after the T-splitter in plumbing, which splits water into two directions and is shaped like an uppercase T.
tee copies data from standard input to each FILE, and also to standard output. In effect, tee duplicates its input, routing it to multiple outputs at once.
- tee [OPTION]… [FILE]…
|-a, –append||Append to the given FILEs. Do not overwrite.|
|-i, –ignore-interrupts||Ignore interrupt signals.|
|–help||Display a help message, and exit.|
|–version||Display version information, and exit.|
If a FILE is specified as a dash ("-"), tee writes again to standard output.
Write output to stdout, and also to a file
The following command displays output only on the screen (stdout).
The following command writes the output only to the file and not to the screen.
$ ls > file
The following command (with the help of
tee command) writes the output both to the screen (stdout) and to the file.
$ ls | tee file
Write output from the middle of a pipe chain to a file and pass it back to the pipe
You can also use
tee command to store the output of a command in a file and redirect the same output to another command.
The following command will write current crontab entries to a file
crontab-backup.txt and pass the crontab entries to
sed command, which will do the substituion. After the substitution, it will be added as a new cron job.
$ crontab -l | tee crontab-backup.txt | sed 's/old/new/' | crontab –
write the output to multiple files
You can pipe your output to multiple files (including your terminal) by using
tee like this:
$ ls | tee file1 file2 file3
Instruct tee command to append to the file
tee command overwrites the file. You can instruct
tee to append to the file using the
–a option as shown below.
$ ls | tee –a file