Haskell Language Tutorial

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Haskell is an advanced purely-functional programming language.

Features:

  • Statically typed: Every expression in Haskell has a type which is determined at compile time. Static type checking is the process of verifying the type safety of a program based on analysis of a program’s text (source code). If a program passes a static type checker, then the program is guaranteed to satisfy some set of type safety properties for all possible inputs.
  • Purely functional: Every function in Haskell is a function in the mathematical sense. There are no statements or instructions, only expressions which cannot mutate variables (local or global) nor access state like time or random numbers.
  • Concurrent: Its flagship compiler, GHC, comes with a high-performance parallel garbage collector and light-weight concurrency library containing a number of useful concurrency primitives and abstractions.
  • Lazy evaluation: Functions don’t evaluate their arguments. Delays the evaluation of an expression until its value is needed.
  • General-purpose: Haskell is built to be used in all contexts and environments.
  • Packages: Open source contribution to Haskell is very active with a wide range of packages available on the public package servers.

The latest standard of Haskell is Haskell 2010. As of May 2016, a group is working on the next version, Haskell 2020.

The official Haskell documentation is also a comprehensive and useful resource. Great place to find books, courses, tutorials, manuals, guides, etc.